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  The Shadow of the Shaman
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The Elements have been a part of man’s ancient and arcane lore since its inception in prehistoric times. Different traditions associate them with various things. The following list of correspondences comes from Starhawk’s ‘The Spiral Dance’.


Direction North
Rules The body, growth, nature, sustenance, material gain, money, creativity, birth, death, silence, chasms, caves, caverns, groves, fields, rocks, standing stones, mountains, crystal, jewels, metal.
Time Midnight.
Season Winter.
Colours Black, brown, green, white.
Zodiac Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn.
Tools Pentacle.
Spirits Gnomes, ruled by King Ghob.
Angel Gabriel.
Wind Boreas, Ophion.
Sense Touch.
Jewel Rock crystal, Salt.
Incense Storax.
Plants Comfrey, ivy, grains: barley, oats, corn, rice, rye, wheat.
Tree Oak.
Animals Cow or bull, bison, snakes (earth-dwelling), stag.
Goddesses Ceres, Demeter, Geae, Mah, Nephthys, Persephone, Prithivi, Rhea, Rhiannon.
Gods Adonis, Athos, Arawn, Cernunnos, Dionysus, Marduk, Pan, Tammuz.

Direction East.
Rules The mind, all mental, intuitive and psychic work, knowledge, abstract learning, theory, windswept hills, plains, windy beaches, high mountain peaks, high towers, wind and breath.
Time Dawn.
Season Spring.
Colours White, bright yellow, crimson, blue-white.
Zodiac Gemini, Libra, Aquarius.
Tools Athame, sword, censer.
Spirits Sylphs, ruled by King Paralda.
Angel Michael.
Wind Eurus.
Sense Smell.
Jewel Topaz.
Incense Galbanum.
Plants Frankincense, myrrh, pansy, primrose, vervain, violet, yarrow.
Tree Aspen.
Animals Birds.
Goddesses Aradia, Arianrhod, Cardea, Nuit, Urania.
Gods Enlil, Khephera, Mercury, Shu, Thoth.
Direction South.
Rules Energy, spirit, heat, flame, blood, sap, life, will, healing and destroying, purification, bonfires, hearth fires, candle flames, sun, deserts, volcanoes, eruptions, explosions.
Time Noon.
Season Summer.
Colours Red, gold, crimson, orange, white (the sun’s noon light).
Zodiac Aries, Leo, Sagittarius.
Tools Censer, wand.
Spirits Salamanders, ruled by King Djin.
Angel Ariel.
Wind Notus.
Sense Sight.
Jewel Fire Opal.
Incense Olibanum.
Plants Garlic, hibiscus, mustard, nettle, onion, red peppers, red poppies.
Tree Almond, in flower.
Animals Fire-breathing dragons, lions, horses (when their hooves strike sparks).
Goddesses Brigit, Hestia, Pele, Vesta.
Gods Agni, Hephaestus, Horus, Vulcan.
Direction West.
Rules Emotions, feelings, love, courage, daring, sorrow, the ocean, the tides, lakes, pools, streams, and rivers, springs and wells, intuition, the unconscious mind, the womb, generation, fertility.
Time Twilight.
Season Autumn.
Colours Blue, blue-green, green, grey, indigo, black.
Zodiac Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces.
Tools Cup.
Spirits Undines, ruled by King Niksa.
Angel Raphael.
Wind Zephyrus.
Sense Taste.
Jewel Aquamarine.
Incense Myrrh.
Plants Ferns, lotus, mosses, rushes, seaweed, waterlilies, and all water plants.
Tree Willow.
Animals Dragons (as serpents), dolphins and porpoises, fish, seals and sea mammals, water-dwelling snakes, all water creatures and sea birds.
Goddesses Aphrodite, Isis, Mariamne, Mari, Tiamat.
Gods Dylan, Ea, Llyr, Manannan, Osiris, Neptune, Poseidon.

Direction Centre and circumference, throughout and about.
Rules Transcendence, transformation, change, everywhere and nowhere, within and without, the void, immanence.
Time Beyond time, all time is one.
Season The turning wheel.
Colours Clear, white, black.
Tools Cauldron.
Sense Hearing.
Plants Mistletoe.
Tree The flowering almond.
Animal Sphinx.
Goddess Isis, the Secret Name of the Goddess, Shekinah.
Gods Akasha, IAO, JHVH.
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